MALE INFERTILITY AND RECURRENT ABORTION
OBJECTIVE:In this study, we hypothesized that insulin resistance and various bacteria and nanobacteria as novel microorganisms may participate in the pathogenesis of prostatitis, that can lead to abnormal sperm shape (teratozoospermia) and consequently recurrent abortion.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: we have considered fifty-two patients with a history of unexplained habitual abortion (two or more spontaneous abortions before 12 weeks' gestation) were tested for The control group consisted of 67 healthy women with a history of only uncomplicated pregnancies.
RESULTS: in fifty-two men whose partners experienced two or more spontaneous abortions, there were significant differences in ejaculate volume, concentration of sperm, the percentage of total abnormal sperm, or the percentage of individual sperm defects as compared with normal WHO standards and 17 men fathering successful pregnancies. These data indicate that neither abnormal sperm concentration nor abnormal sperm morphology are significantly associated with recurrent spontaneous abortion.
CONCLUSION: these data indicate that abnormal sperm concentration or abnormal sperm morphology are significantly associated with recurrent spontaneous abortion.